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Thread: arti id forummu

  1. #1

    Default arti id forummu

    sesuai judul, post di sini alasan agan make id forum agan

    saya milih area 52??? karna kebetulan saya lg maen area 51 (PS2) waktu lg bikin id forum

    credit goes to: Alfie07
    haven't use this siggy in a while .-.

  2. #2
    WonderLand's Avatar
    Join Date
    Jun 2009



    kbtulan ktmu di sebuah bku
    dan sy lupa ;p
    kbtulan jga ska
    Nothing to share

  3. #3


    -LR- <<< entah knapa saya tulis begetu
    padaal signatur wa -R-

    R dari rossoneri
    rossoneri dari Irossoneri ( AC milan )
    milanisti inside B)

    nick ini jga wa pake di id DOTA

    dengan modal skill lumayan la untuk seumur gni

    sampe wa malah di panggil ros ros
    macam kakak adik ny upin ipin ==
    Last edited by -LR-; 02-28-2011 at 08:59 PM.
    SKYLE s2 ss3 BKR #1(thanks om kim)|last final tournament 2015 Kopassus #24 |zackfoe comx 2010(hibah anton fuh)|SMR idx7 | makin lama makin surammm

  4. #4
    Super Moderator Bram Stoker Draco's Avatar
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    Feb 2010
    Travian Indonesia


    Bram Stoker and his Novel Dracula

    Date of Birth 8 November 1847, Dublin, Ireland

    Date of Death 20 April 1912, London, England, UK (paralysis progressiva due to syphilis)

    Birth Name
    Abraham Stoker

    Height 6' 2" (1.88 m)

    Mini Biography

    Bram Stoker was born in Dublin, Ireland, in 1847, and gained fame for his novel "Dracula" about an aristocratic vampire in Transylvania. The sequel, "Dracula's Guest," was not published for 17 years after the publication of "Dracula," two years after Stoker's death. Stoker also wrote "The Mystery of the Sea" and "Famous Imposters." He was the stage manager for actor Sir Henry Irving and wrote "Personal Reminiscences of Henry Irving," after Irving's death.

  5. #5
    Honoured Retiree
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    Talking Terpaksa copas deh.. gak ngerti farmasi

    Vonum - General Information:
    A non-steroidal anti-inflammatory agent (NSAID) that inhibits the enzyme cyclooxygenase necessary for the formation of prostaglandins and other autacoids. It also inhibits the motility of polymorphonuclear leukocytes. [PubChem]

    Vonum, a nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drug (NSAID) with analgesic and antipyretic properties, is used to treat osteoarthritis and control acute pain.

    Vonum for patients
    Indomethacin, like other drugs of its class, is not free of side effects. The side effects of these drugs can cause discomfort and rarely, there are more serious side effects, such as gastrointestinal bleeding, which may result in hospitalization and even fatal outcomes. NSAIDs (Nonsteroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs) are often essential agents in the management of arthritis, but they also may be commonly employed for conditions which are less serious. Physicians may wish to discuss with their patients the potential risks and likely benefits of NSAID treatment, particularly when the drugs are used for less serious conditions where treatment without NSAIDs may represent an acceptable alternative to both the patient and physician.

    Vonum Interactions
    In normal volunteers receiving indomethacin, the administration of diflunisal decreased the renal clearance and significantly increased the plasma levels of indomethacin. In some patients, combined use of INDOCIN and diflunisal has been associated with fatal gastrointestinal hemorrhage. Therefore, diflunisal and INDOCIN should not be used concomitantly.

    In a study in normal volunteers, it was found that chronic concurrent administration of 3.6 g of aspirin per day decreases indomethacin blood levels approximately 20%.

    The concomitant use of INDOCIN with other NSAIDs is not recommended due to the increased possibility of gastrointestinal toxicity, with little or no increase in efficacy.

    Clinical studies have shown that INDOCIN does not influence the hypoprothrombinemia produced by anticoagulants. However, when any additional drug, including INDOCIN, is added to the treatment of patients on anticoagulant therapy, the patients should be observed for alterations of the prothrombin time. In post-marketing experience, bleeding has been reported in patients on concomitant treatment with anticoagulants and INDOCIN. Caution should be exercised when INDOCIN and anticoagulants are administered concomitantly.

    When INDOCIN is given to patients receiving probenecid, the plasma levels of indomethacin are likely to be increased. Therefore, a lower total daily dosage of INDOCIN may produce a satisfactory therapeutic effect. When increases in the dose of INDOCIN are made, they should be made carefully and in small increments.

    Caution should be used if INDOCIN is administered simultaneously with . INDOCIN has been reported to decrease the tubular secretion of and to potentiate its toxicity.

    Administration of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs concomitantly with cyclosporine has been associated with an increase in cyclosporine-induced toxicity, possibly due to decreased synthesis of renal prostacyclin. NSAIDs should be used with caution in patients taking cyclosporine, and renal function should be carefully monitored.

    Capsules INDOCIN 50 mg t.i.d. produced a clinically relevant elevation of plasma lithium and reduction in renal lithium clearance in psychiatric patients and normal subjects with steady state plasma lithium concentrations. This effect has been attributed to inhibition of prostaglandin synthesis. As a consequence, when INDOCIN and lithium are given concomitantly, the patient should be carefully observed for signs of lithium toxicity. (Read circulars for lithium preparations before use of such concomitant therapy.) In addition, the frequency of monitoring serum lithium concentration should be increased at the outset of such combination drug treatment.

    INDOCIN given concomitantly with digoxin has been reported to increase the serum concentration and prolong the half-life of digoxin. Therefore, when INDOCIN and digoxin are used concomitantly, serum digoxin levels should be closely monitored.

    In some patients, the administration of INDOCIN can reduce the diuretic, natriuretic, and antihypertensive effects of loop, potassium-sparing, and thiazide diuretics. Therefore, when INDOCIN and INDOCIN. (Indomethacin) diuretics are used concomitantly, the patient should be observed closely to determine if the desired effect of the diuretic is obtained.

    INDOCIN reduces basal plasma renin activity (PRA), as well as those elevations of PRA induced by furosemide administration, or salt or volume depletion. These facts should be considered when evaluating plasma renin activity in hypertensive patients.

    It has been reported that the addition of triamterene to a maintenance schedule of INDOCIN resulted in reversible acute renal failure in two of four healthy volunteers. INDOCIN and triamterene should not be administered together.

    INDOCIN and potassium-sparing diuretics each may be associated with increased serum potassium levels. The potential effects of INDOCIN and potassium-sparing diuretics on potassium kinetics and renal function should be considered when these agents are administered concurrently.

    Most of the above effects concerning diuretics have been attributed, at least in part, to mechanisms involving inhibition of prostaglandin synthesis by INDOCIN.

    Blunting of the antihypertensive effect of beta-adrenoceptor blocking agents by non-steroidal antiinflammatory drugs including INDOCIN has been reported. Therefore, when using these blocking agents to treat hypertension, patients should be observed carefully in order to confirm that the desired therapeutic effect has been obtained. INDOCIN can reduce the antihypertensive effects of captopril and losartan.

    False-negative results in the dexamethasone suppression test (DST) in patients being treated with INDOCIN have been reported. Thus, results of the DST should be interpreted with caution in these patients.

    Vonum Contraindications
    Indomethacin should not be used in:
    • Patients who are hypersensitive to this product.
    • Patients in whom acute asthmatic attacks, urticaria, or rhinitis are precipitated by aspirin or other nonsteroidal anti- inflammatory agents.
    • Suppositories INDOCIN are contraindicated in patients with a history of proctitis or recent rectal bleeding.


  6. #6
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    Default Lanjutan episode sebelumnya

    Additional information about Vonum
    Vonum Indication: For moderate to severe rheumatoid arthritis including acute flares of chronic disease, ankylosing spondylitis, osteoarthritis, acute painful shoulder (bursitis and/or tendinitis) and acute gouty arthritis.
    Mechanism Of Action: Antiinflammatory effects of Vonum are believed to be due to inhibition of cylooxygenase in platelets which leads to the blockage of prostaglandin synthesis. Antipyretic effects may be due to action on the hypothalamus, resulting in an increased peripheral blood flow, vasodilation, and subsequent heat dissipation.
    Drug Interactions: Acebutolol Risk of inhibition of renal prostaglandins
    Atenolol Risk of inhibition of renal prostaglandins
    Betaxolol Risk of inhibition of renal prostaglandins
    Bevantolol Risk of inhibition of renal prostaglandins
    Bisoprolol Risk of inhibition of renal prostaglandins
    Carteolol Risk of inhibition of renal prostaglandins
    Carvedilol Risk of inhibition of renal prostaglandins
    The NSAID increases the effect and toxicity of
    Diflunisal Diflunisal increases the effect and toxicity of indomethacin
    Esmolol Risk of inhibition of renal prostaglandins
    Labetalol Risk of inhibition of renal prostaglandins
    Metoprolol Risk of inhibition of renal prostaglandins
    Nadolol Risk of inhibition of renal prostaglandins
    Losartan Vonum decreases the effect of losartan
    Lithium The NSAID increases serum levels of lithium
    Oxprenolol Risk of inhibition of renal prostaglandins
    Penbutolol Risk of inhibition of renal prostaglandins
    Pindolol Risk of inhibition of renal prostaglandins
    Practolol Risk of inhibition of renal prostaglandins
    Probenecid Probenecid increases the effect/toxicity of indomethacin
    Sotalol Risk of inhibition of renal prostaglandins
    Propranolol Risk of inhibition of renal prostaglandins
    Timolol Risk of inhibition of renal prostaglandins
    Warfarin The NSAID increases the anticoagulant effect
    Acenocoumarol The NSAID increases the anticoagulant effect
    Dicumarol The NSAID increases the anticoagulant effect
    Anisindione The NSAID increases the anticoagulant effect
    Torasemide The NSAID decreases the diuretic and antihypertensive effects of the loop diuretic
    Bumetanide The NSAID decreases the diuretic and antihypertensive effects of the loop diuretic
    Furosemide The NSAID decreases the diuretic and antihypertensive effects of the loop diuretic
    Ethacrynic acid The NSAID decreases the diuretic and antihypertensive effects of the loop diuretic
    Cyclosporine Monitor for nephrotoxicity
    Alendronate Increased risk of gastric toxicity
    Triamterene Risk of acute renal impairment with this combination
    Food Interactions: Avoid alcohol.
    Take with food or antacids to reduce irritation.
    Generic Name: Indomethacin
    Synonyms: IMN; Indomethacinum; Indomethacine; Indometacyna; Indometacine; Indomethancin; Indomethazine; Indomethine; Indometicina
    Drug Category: Tocolytic Agents; Cardiovascular Agents; Anti-inflammatory Agents; Nonsteroidal Antiinflammatory Agents (NSAIDs)
    Drug Type: Small Molecule; Approved; Investigational
    Other Brand Names containing Indomethacin: Amuno; Apo-Indomethacin; Argun; Arthrexin; Artracin; Artrinovo; Artrivia; Bonidin; Bonidon; Bonidon Gel; Catlep; Chibro-Amuno; Chrono-Indicid; Chrono-Indocid; Confortid; Dolcidium; Dolcidium Pl; Dolovin; Durametacin; Elmetacin; Flexin Continus; Hicin; Idomethine; Imbrilon; Inacid; Indacin; Indameth; Indmethacine; Indo-Lemmon; Indo-Phlogont; Indo-Rectolmin; Indo-Spray; Indo-Tablinen; Indocid; Indocid Pda; Indocid Sr; Indocin; Indocin I.V; Indocin I.V.; Indocin Sr; Indolar Sr; Indomecol; Indomed; Indomee; Indomethegan; Indomo; Indomod; Indoptic; Indoptol; Indorektal; Indoxen; Inflazon; Infrocin; Inteban Sp; Lausit; Liometacen; Metacen; Metartril; Methazine; Metindol; Miametan; Mikametan; Mobilan; Novo-Methacin; Novomethacin; Nu-Indo; Reumacide; Rhemacin La; Rheumacin La; Sadoreum; Tannex; Vonum;
    Absorption: Bioavailability is approximately 100% following oral administration and 8090% following rectal administration.
    Toxicity (Overdose): The following symptoms may be observed following overdosage: nausea, vomiting, intense headache, dizziness, mental confusion, disorientation, or lethargy. There have been reports of paresthesias, numbness, and convulsions. The oral LD50 of indomethacin in mice and rats (based on 14 day mortality response) was 50 and 12 mg/kg, respectively.
    Protein Binding: 97%
    Biotransformation: Hepatic.
    Half Life: 4.5 hours
    Dosage Forms of Vonum: Powder, for solution Intravenous
    Suppository Rectal
    Capsule Oral
    Chemical IUPAC Name: 2-[1-(4-chlorobenzoyl)-5-methoxy-2-methylindol-3-yl]acetic acid
    Chemical Formula: C19H16ClNO4
    Indomethacin on Wikipedia:
    Organisms Affected: Humans and other mammals

  7. #7
    zxoarrrrr's Avatar
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    Dec 2009


    niat bgt vonum ya...haha
    kalo sy sih gak tau....cuma kepikiran aja nama ini xixixi

  8. #8


    intinya/kesimpulannya apa gan?

    credit goes to: Alfie07
    haven't use this siggy in a while .-.

  9. #9
    Honoured Retiree
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    @area 52???
    Ada rahasia di balik rahasia..

  10. #10

    Join Date
    Aug 2010


    wktu itu saya lg maen sbuah game super hero gtu
    ad man" ny gtu dblkng
    ywdh nama saya kan aldi tmbahin man deh
    jd aldiman
    smua akun apapun psti namany aldiman
    dll deh

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